STARTING WITH THE GREATEST NAME OF ALLAH (SWT) WHO GIVE US,GIVE US AND FORGIVE US AND WE GET,GET AND FORGET.
INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHY:-
Islam is that religion where we can find everything related to life. Islam teaches us the way of life. Everything present in the Universe discussed in this Holy religion even if we talk about Islamic Calligraphy we can understand to unlimited point.
In Islamic calligraphy we go through with handwriting which is based upon the alphabet discussing a common Islamic culture. This Islamic cultural heritage may include different calligraphy like Arabic, Ottoman, and Persian calligraphy.
The progress of Islamic calligraphy is firmly related to the Holy Quran which are a common universal text which Islamic calligraphy is based.
An Islamic calligraphy is highly elaborated by those who are at home in Islamic calligraphy and they are well established calligraphers with the exception of secular works.
A lot of people are trying their best level to learn Islamic calligraphy because Islamic calligraphy has own significance and will maintain own significance in every step of life.
The experts of calligraphy has divided its style into angular and cursive, each of them further divided into several sub-styles.
The channel of the Islamic calligraphy is the pen(QALAM).In the past the pen had an ink and the Islamic calligrapher were using ink with the pen. There were various and marvelous styles like some styles were often written using a metallic -tip pen.
Islamic calligraphy is not only used on paper but it is used in a wide range of decorations such as carpets, inscriptions, vessels and tiles. With the exception of decorative mediums coins were another support for calligraphy.
|Image Credit:By Kerina yin – Own work, CC0|
|Ottoman miniature showing a Safavid dignitary before Ottoman sultan, Sultan Murad III, n.d.
(Topkapi Museum, photo: Walter Denny)
EARLY CALLIGRAPHY and Arabic Calligraphy
In the first Islamic century this art was not developed that much. Every language has own scripts so the Islamic calligraphy first formal scripts emerged from the Hijaz region of the Arabic Peninsula, most probably from the city of Medina.
Well-written examples of these early “Kufic” Koranic scripts are truly spectacular; with a stately verticality and regularity that sets them above less carefully written work.
A related script that emerged during the Umayyad caliphate, which ended in 749 C.E., is a compact and flat script of wonderful subtlety and economy.
The name of this script is not known, and it is generally, though incorrectly, called Mashq. A particularly nice example can be found in the Beit al Qur’an Museum in Bahrain.
Records suggest that other scripts were also beginning to find favor among writers of non-Koranic texts.
We can trace to this period the first evolution of writing into an esthetically mature calligraphy.
The grand inscription belt in the Dome of the Rock is the lasting testimony of those first-century concepts—something totally new in world art. Executed in mosaic tiles, this band of calligraphy is a perfectly legible, fully artistically realized monumental form of the earliest Koranic script.
To be that good, that confident and exuberant only seven decades after the Hijra, is really impressive. The concept of the belt of calligraphy as an architectural component is still used today, in fresh ways.
In the late Umayyad period and early Abbasid period, names and a little information about some of the great calligraphers, such as ad-Dahhak Ibn Ajlan and Yusuf Ibn Hammad, begin to show up in the Arabic source literature.
So far no signed examples of their work have been found, and we can only guess what their calligraphy was like.
STEPS TO IMPROVE ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHY:-
There are a few steps which can improve Islamic calligraphy. These steps are widely important to be kept in our mind…
1) Government should facilitate the experts of Islamic calligrapher.
2) We should not ruin our Islamic history so that we may able to secure our calligraphy and History.
3) Teachers must be there to teach the art of calligraphy to young generation.
4) Islamic Calligraphic centers should be established to promote Islamic calligraphy.
5) To create awareness about the significance of this art in our race.
6) Decorative mediums are essentials so that we may able to promote Islamic calligraphy.
|credit: creationz art calligraphy|
|Reviving local craftsmanship was a major achievement of this project.
CREDIT TO:iSLAMIC ART & ARCHITECTURE
Bring this important art in practice so that it may improve.
Syed Ihtisham Ulhaq Bin Syed Maulana Muhammad Khwaja Din